SAAF Healthy Adults Projects (SHAPE)

Project Summary

Principal Investigator: Gene Brody
Funding Agencies: NICHD
Project Period: 2008-2013

 

What influences affect psychological adjustment, allostatic load, and substance use among rural African Americans as they make the transition into adulthood?

 

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SHAPE extended the data collection with the participants of the SAAF project as they entered young adulthood. The primary purpose was to assess the trajectory of rural African Americans from early adolescence (age 11) to emerging adulthood (age 22) particularly focusing on self-regulation, physical health, and substance use patterns. Particular attention is being paid to the ways in which familial and extrafamilial relationship networks, involvement in rural institutions (e.g., churches), and racial discrimination from early adolescence through later adolescence affect the transition to adulthood. Additionally, there is an emphasis on biological markers of health in this project. This exploration will concentrate on allostatic load, a measure of chronic physical wear and tear caused by the body’s stress response in meeting environmental demands. This facet of the research is designed to uncover clues about the origins of health disparities between non-Hispanic White and African American populations.

 

SHAPE Publications

2020

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., Chen, E., & Miller, G. E. (2020). A family-centered prevention ameliorates the associations of low self-control during childhood with employment income and poverty status in young African American adults. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 61, 425-435.

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., Chen, E., & Miller, G. E. (2020). Persistence of skin-deep resilience in African American adults. Health Psychology, 39, 921-926.

Miller, G., Chen, E., Yu, T., & Brody, G. H. (2020). Youth who achieve upward socioeconomic mobility display lower psychological distress but higher metabolic syndrome rates as adults: Prospective evidence from the National Study of Adolescent Health and the Midlife in the United States study. JAHA: Journal of the American Heart Association, 9, e015698. DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.119.015698

2019

Barton, A., Brody, G., Yu, T., Kogan, S., Chen, E., & Ehrlich, K. B. (2019). The profundity of the everyday: Family routines in adolescence predict development in young adulthood. Journal of Adolescent Health, 64, 340-346. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.08.029.

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., Miller, G. E., Ehrlich, K. B., & Chen, E. (2019). Preventive parenting intervention during childhood and young black adults’ unhealthful behaviors: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 60, 63-71.

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., Nusslock, R., Barton, A. W., Miller, G. E., Chen, E., Holmes, C., McCormick, M., & Sweet, L. H. (2019). The protective effects of supportive parenting on the relationship between adolescent poverty and resting state functional brain connectivity during adulthood. Psychological Science, 30, 1040-1049.

Chen, E., Shalowitz, M. U., Story, R. E., Hayden, R., Leigh, A. K. K., Hoffer, L. C., Austin, M. K., Lam, P. H., Brody, G. H., & Miller, G. E. (2019). The costs of high self-control in Black and Latino youth with asthma: Divergence of mental health and inflammatory profiles. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 80(‑-)*, 120-128. doi:10.1016/j.bbi.2019.02.031

Ehrlich, K. B., Chen, E., Yu, T., Miller, G. E., & Brody, G. H. (2019). Exposure to parental depression in adolescence and risk for metabolic syndrome in adulthood. Child Development, 90, 1272-1285.

Hanson, J. L., Gillmore, A. D., Yu, T., Holmes, C. J., Hallowell, E. S., Barton, A. W., Beach, S. R. H., Galván. A., MacKillop, J., Windle, M., Chen, E., Miller, G. E., Sweet, L. H., & Brody, G. H. (2019). A family focused intervention influences hippocampal-prefrontal connectivity through gains in self-regulation. Child Development, 90(4), 1389-1401. doi:10.1111/cdev.13154

Hanson, J., Hilton, B. T., Holmes, C. J., Yu, T., Barton, A. W., Beach, S. R. H., Galván A., MacKillop, J., Windle, M., Chen, E., Miller, G. E., Sweet, L. H., & Brody, G. H. (2019). A family-focused intervention influences hippocampal-prefrontal connectivity through gains in self-regulation. Child Development, 90, 1389-1401.

Nusslock, R., Brody, G. H., Armstrong, C. C., Carroll, A. L., Sweet, L. H., Yu, T., Barton, A. W., Hallowell, E., Chen, E., Higgins, J., Parrish, T. B., Wang, L., & Miller, G. E. (2019). Higher peripheral inflammatory signaling associated with lower resting state functional brain connectivity in emotion regulation and central executive networks. Biological Psychiatry, 86(2), 153-162. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2019.03.968

Zapolski, T., Yu, T., Brody, G. H., Banks, D. E., & Allen, W B. (2019). Why now? Examining antecedents for substance use initiation among African American adolescents. Development and Psychopathology. doi:10.1017/S0954579419000713

2018

Barton, A. W. & Brody, G. H. (2018). Parenting as a buffer that deters discrimination and race-related stressors from “getting under the skin”: Theories, findings, and future directions. In B. Major, J. F. Dovidio, & B. G. Link (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of stigma, discrimination and health (pp. 335-354). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190243470.013.21

Barton, A. W., Brody, G., Zapolski, T., Goings, T., Kogan, S., Windle, M., & Yu, T. (2018). Trajectory classes of cannabis use and heavy drinking among rural African Americans: Multilevel predictors of class membership. Addiction, 113, 1439-1449.

Barton, A. W., Yu, T., Brody, G. H., & Ehrlich, K. B. (2018). Childhood poverty, catecholamines, and substance use among African American young adults: The protective effect of supportive parenting. Preventive Medicine, 112, 1-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.03.016.

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., Chen, E., Ehrlich, K. B., & Miller, G. E. (2018). Racial discrimination, body mass index, and insulin resistant: A longitudinal analysis. Health Psychology, 37, 1107-1114.

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., Miller, G. E., & Chen, E. (2018). John Henryism coping and metabolic syndrome among young Black adults. Psychosomatic Medicine, 80, 216-221. DOI: 10.1097/PSY.0000000000000540.

Chen, E., Miller, G., Yu, T., & Brody, G. H. (2018). Unsupportive parenting moderates the effects of family psychosocial intervention on metabolic syndrome in African American youth. International Journal of Obesity, 42, 634-640. DOI:10.1038/ijo.2017.246

Chen, E., Yu, T., Miller, G. M., & Brody, G. H. (2018). Substance use and obesity trajectories in African Americans entering adulthood. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 55(6), 856-863. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2018.07.004

Holmes, C., Barton, A. W., MacKillop, J., Galván A., Owens, M., McCormick, M., Yu, T., Beach, S. R. H., Brody, G. H., & Sweet, L. H. (2018). Parenting and salience network connectivity among African Americans: A protective pathway for health-risk behaviors. Biological Psychiatry, 84, 365-371. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2018.03.003.

Miller G. E., Chen, E., Armstrong, C. C., Carroll, A. L., Ozturk, S., Rydland, K. J., Brody, G. H., Parrish, T. B., & Nusslock, R. (2018). Functional connectivity in central executive network protects children against cardiometabolic risks linked with neighborhood violence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 115, 12063-12068. doi:10.1073/pnas.1810067115

2017

Brody, G. H., Gray, J., Yu, T., Barton, A., Beach, S. H., Galván A.,MacKillop, J., Windel, M., Chen, E., Miller, G. E., & Sweet, L. H. (2017). Protective prevention effects on the association of poverty with brain development. JAMA Pediatrics, 171, 46-52.

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., Barton, A. W., Miller, G. E., & Chen, E. (2017). Youth temperament, harsh parenting, and variation in oxytocin receptor gene forecast allostatic load during emerging adulthood. Development and Psychopathology, 29, 791-803. DOI:10.1017/S095457941600047X.

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., Chen, E., & Miller, G. E. (2017). Family-centered prevention ameliorates the association between adverse childhood experiences and prediabetes in young Black adults. Preventive Medicine, 100, 117-122.

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., & Shalev, I. (2017). Risky family processes prospectively forecast shorter telomere length mediated through negative emotions. Health Psychology, 36(5), 438-444. doi:10.1037/hea0000443

Chen, E., Brody, G. H., & Miller, G. E. (2017). Childhood close family relationships and health. American Psychologist, 72(6) 555-566. doi:10.1037/amp0000067

Chen, Y.-f., Yu, T., & Brody, G. H. (2017). Parenting intervention at age 11 and cotinine levels at age 20 among African American youth. Pediatrics, 140(1), Article e20164162. doi:10.1542/peds.2016-4162

Miller, G., Chen, E., Yu, T., & Brody, G. H. (2017). Metabolic syndrome risks following the Great Recession in rural African-American young adults. JAHA: Journal of the American Heart Association, 6: e006052. DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.117.

2016

Brody, G. H., Miller, G. E., Yu, T., Beach, S. R. H., & Chen, E. (2016). Supportive family environments ameliorate the link between racial discrimination and epigenetic aging: A replication across two longitudinal cohorts. Psychological Science, 27, 530-541.

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., Miller, G. E., & Chen, E. (2016). Resilience in adolescence, health, and psychosocial outcomes. Pediatrics. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-1042.

Chen, E., Miller, G. E., Yu, T., & Brody, G. H. (2016). The great recession and health risks in African American youth. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 53, 234-241.

Miller, G. E., Cohen, S., Janicki-Deverts, D., Brody, G. H., & Chen, E. (2016). Viral challenge reveals further evidence of skin-deep resilience in African Americans from disadvantaged backgrounds. Health Psychology, 35(11), 1225-1234. doi:10.1037/hea0000398

2015

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., Chen, E., Beach, S. R. H., & Miller, G. E. (2015). Family-centered prevention ameliorates the longitudinal association between risky family processes and epigenetic aging. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12495

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., Miller, G. E., & Chen, E. (2015). Discrimination, racial identity, and cytokine levels among African American Adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56, 496-501.

Chen, E., Miller, G. E., Brody, G. H., & Lei, M.K. (2015). Neighborhood poverty, college attendance, and diverging profiles of substance use and allostatic load in rural African American youth. Clinical Psychological Science, 3(5), 675-685. doi:10.1177/2167702614546639

Miller, G. E., Yu, T., Chen, E., & Brody, G. H. (2015). Skin-deep resilience: Self-control forecasts better psychosocial outcomes but faster epigenetic aging in low-SES youth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112, 10325-10330.

2014

Brody, G. H., Lei, M.-K., Chae, D. H., Yu, T., Kogan, S. M., & Beach, S. R. H. (2014). Perceived discrimination among African American adolescents and allostatic load: A longitudinal analysis with buffering effects. Child Development, 85(3), 989-1002. doi:10.1111/cdev.12213

Brody, G. H., Lei, M.-K., Chen, E., & Miller, G. E. (2014). Neighborhood poverty and allostatic load in African American youth. Pediatrics, 134(5), e1362-e1368. doi:10.1542/peds.2014.1395

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., Beach, S. R. H., Kogan, S. M., Windle, M., & Philibert, R. A. (2014). Harsh parenting and adolescent health: A longitudinal analysis with genetic moderation. Health Psychology, 33(5), 401-409. doi:10.1037/a0032686

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., Chen, E. & Miller, G. E. (2014). Prevention moderates associations between family risks and youth catecholamine levels. Health Psychology, 33, 1435-1439.

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., MacKillop, J., Miller, G. E., Chen, E., Obasi, E. M., & Beach, S. R. H. (2014). Catecholamine levels and delay discounting forecast drug use among African American youths. Addiction, 109, 1112-1118.

Miller, G. E., Brody, G. H., Yu, T. & Chen, E. (2014). A family-oriented psychosocial intervention reduces inflammation in low-SES African American young adults. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111, 11287-11292.

2013

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., Chen, Y.-f., Kogan, S. M., Evans, G. W., Beach, S. R. H., Windle, M., Simons, R. L., Gerrard, M., Gibbons, F. X., & Philibert, R. A. (2013). Cumulative socioeconomic status risk, allostatic load, and adjustment: A prospective latent profile analysis with contextual and genetic protective factors. Developmental Psychology, 49(5), 913-927. doi:10.1037/a0028847

Brody, G. H., Yu, T., Chen, E., Miller, G. E., Kogan, S. M., & Beach, S. H. (2013). Is resilience only skin deep? Rural African Americans’ preadolescent socioeconomic status-related risk and competence and age 19 psychological adjustment and allostatic load. Psychological Science, 24, 1285-1293.

In Press

Chen, E., Brody, G. H., & Miller, G. E. (in press). What are the health consequences of upward mobility? Annual Review of Psychology.

Chen, E., Yu, T., Siliezar, R., Drage, J., Dezil, J., Miller, G. E., & Brody, G. H. (in press). Evidence for skin-deep resilience using a co-twin control design: Effects on low-grade inflammation in a longitudinal study of youth. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity.